دسته‌بندی نشده

Cyrus the Great

KING OF PERSIA

mahkhatoon : Not much is known about the early life of Cyrus. The various oral traditions relating to his birth and youth are preserved only in the works of Greek authors like Herodotus, Ctesias, and Xenophon, who present contradictory accounts of a mostly legendary nature. According to the most well-known account of Herodotus, Cyrus was the son of the Persian king Cambyses (c. 580-559 BCE) and the Median princess Mandane, daughter of the Median king Astyages (585-550 BCE). Ctesias explicitly contradicts Herodotus, however, claiming instead that Cyrus was the son of a Persian brigand named Artadates and his wife, the goatherd Argoste. According to Ctesias, Cyrus served at  Astyages’ court as a chief cupbearer before overthrowing him. After his coup, Cyrus adopted Astyages as his father and married his daughter Amytis.

According to contemporary Achaemenid inscriptions, like the Cyrus Cylinder and the Behistun Inscription, Cyrus was king of Anshan (a kingdom in Fars with a mixed Elamite and Persian population) and a son of Cambyses. However, it must be noted that the Achaemenids inscriptions never mention any genetic relation between Cyrus and Astyages. Although intermarriage between Iranian royal families is certainly a possibility, it is also possible that Cyrus only claimed to be Astyages’ grandson in order to gain legitimacy (as per Herodotus) and that he married Astyages’ daughter Amytis for the same reason (as per Ctesias). Finally, Herodotus, Ctesias, and Xenophon all agree that Cyrus spent part of his youth at Astyages’ court. This may be based on historical truth, but, again, this may also simply be a legendary motif.

Childhood of King Cyrus

CONQUEST OF ECBATANA

mahkhatoon: Cyrus’ first great achievement was his conquest of Ecbatana, the Median capital ruled by Astyages. This event is first mentioned in two contemporary Babylonian sources: the Nabonidus Cylinder of Sippar and the Nabonidus Chronicle. Herodotus also gives us a detailed account of this event. According to the Nabonidus Cylinder of Sippar, Cyrus, king of Anshan, rose up against his overlord, the Median king Astyages, in 553 BCE. After defeating the “vast Median hordes” with his “small army”, he captured Astyages and brought him back to his homeland. The Nabonidus Chronicle states instead that Astyages marched on Cyrus in 550 BCE, but his army rebelled against him, took him captive and handed him over to Cyrus. Cyrus then took Ecbatana and carried off the spoils. The discrepancy in dates between these two sources may be explained by assuming that Cyrus started his rebellion in 553 BCE, that Astyages marched against Cyrus in 550 BCE and that the revolt in the Median army happened during that campaign.

Cyrus spared Astyages’ life & according to Ctesias, he EVEn married Astyages’ daughter Amytis, presenting himself as the rightful successor of Astyages as king of the Medes.

Herodotus’ account agrees with the Nabonidus Chronicle up to a great degree. Herodotus states that Harpagus, a Median nobleman, encouraged Cyrus to rise up against Astyages, who had wronged him in the past. Harpagus sought support from among the other Median nobles, who were also unhappy with Astyages’ rule. Astyages, upon hearing about Cyrus’ rebellion, appointed the same Harpagus to lead the Median army against Cyrus. When the Median and Persian armies met, Harpagus and the other noblemen crossed over to Cyrus as planned. All sources agree that Cyrus spared Astyages’ life. If we are to believe Ctesias, Cyrus even adopted Astyages as his father and married his daughter Amytis, presenting himself as the rightful successor of Astyages as king of the Medes. It is often assumed that Cyrus took over all the lands that had been conquered by the Medes, which according to Herodotus encompassed all of Asia except for Assyria, however, recent research concludes that the territory of the Medes was much smaller or even that there was no Median Empire at all. Still, it seems likely that Cyrus’ power and prestige on the Iranian Plateau increased greatly after this victory.

BUILDING OF PASARGADAE

mahkhatoon: After his victory over Astyages, Cyrus founded the city of Pasargadae on the site of the battle. Pasargadae served as a ceremonial capital of the early Achaemenid Empire and was never meant to house a large population. The city consists of several monumental buildings spread out across the Murghab plain, most notably the Tall-e Takht (a stone citadel on top of a steep hill), Palace P (a residential building), Palace S (a columned audience hall) and finally the tombs of Cyrus and his son Cambyses.

Pasargadae Palace

The monuments of Pasargadae contain influences from across the known world, including Assyrian style sculptures and Ionian style masonry. The Tomb of Cyrus is thought to represent a Mesopotamian or Elamite ziggurat with an Urartaean style cella on top. Pasargadae flourished only for a short time, with Persepolis taking over its role as the ceremonial capital in 515 BCE.

CONQUEST OF LYDIA

mahkhatoon: Cyrus conquered Lydia sometime between the fall of Ecbatana (550 BCE) and the fall of Babylon (539 BCE). The Nabonidus Chronicle states that Cyrus led a campaign west of the Tigris in 547 BCE, however, most scholars now agree that this campaign had a different target. Herodotus claims that it was Croesus (560-547 BCE), king of Lydia, who started the war by crossing the Halys River and sacking Pteria, a Cappadocian city within the Median sphere of influence. Croesus was an ally and brother-in-law to Astyages, so upon hearing that Cyrus had deposed Astyages, he swore to avenge him. The two armies met near Pteria, but the battle ended in a stalemate. When Croesus decided to march his army home for the winter season, Cyrus pursued him into Lydia and confronted him a second time near Thymbra. Cyrus deployed dromedaries to disperse the Lydian cavalry forcing Croesus to retreat into his capital city of Sardis, which fell after a 14-day siege.

Empire of Cyrus the Great

There is some discussion as to what happened to Croesus after his final defeat. Herodotus, Ctesias, and Xenophon all agree that Cyrus threatened to punish Croesus first, but that he took pity on him and even appointed him as his personal advisor. So far, it seems plausible that Croesus survived the fall of Sardis. Some scholars, however, consider such accounts to be legendary and believe that Cyrus did indeed execute Croesus. After the fall of Sardis, Cyrus put a Lydian named Pactyes in charge of Croesus’ treasury. Pactyes’ job was to send these treasures to Persia, but, instead, he organised a revolt, hiring mercenaries. Cyrus’ sent his general Mazares to quell the rebellion, but due to his untimely death, it was Harpagus who completed the conquest of Asia Minor, capturing the cities of Lycia, Cilicia, and Phoenicia by building earthworks.

OTHER CAMPAIGNS

mahkhatoon : Sometime in the 540s BCE, Cyrus must have conquered the Bactrians and the Sacae. According to Ctesias, when the Bactrians heard that Cyrus had treated Astyages with respect, they voluntarily submitted to them, implying that the Bactrians had been either subjects or allies to Astyages. After strengthening his influence over the eastern part of the Iranian Plateau, Cyrus turned his attention to the nomadic Sacae. He captured their king Amorges, but Amorges’ wife Sparethra gathered an army of 300,000 men and 200,000 women and defeated Cyrus in battle. Cyrus released Amorges and the two kings became allies, attacking Lydia together. If this account is true, Cyrus may have conquered the Bactrians and the Sacae before conquering Lydia. Finally, Cyrus must have conquered the region of Armenia in the mid-6th century BCE, possibly installing his ally Tigranes Orontid as king of Armenia.

CONQUEST OF BABYLON

mahkhatoon: In 539 BCE Cyrus invaded the Babylonian Empire, following the banks of the Gyndes (Diyala) on his way to Babylon. He allegedly dug canals to divert the river’s stream, making it easier to cross. Cyrus met and routed the Babylonian army in battle near Opis, where the Diyala flows into the Tigris. After this, the people of Sippar opened their gates to him without resistance. The Babylonian king Nabonidus fled, and Cyrus sent his servant Ugbaru, the governor of Gutium, to capture Babylon. Ugbaru captured the outer neighbourhoods of Babylon, with only the temple district of Esagil remaining under Babylonian control. After two weeks, Cyrus was welcomed into Babylon with festivities.

With Babylon under Persian control, Cyrus could add the title ‘king of Babylon’ to his name. He inherited all the territories that had belonged to the Babylonian Empire, and he apparently had no trouble pacifying these regions. In fact, Harpagus may already have conquered much of the Mediterranean coast before Cyrus attacked Babylon. Cyrus now ruled over the fertile river valleys of Mesopotamia, in addition to the rich Mediterranean coast.

CYRUS CYLINDER

mahkhatoon : Not long after the conquest of Babylon, Cyrus commissioned a building inscription to be written in his name. This building inscription, better known as the Cyrus Cylinder, served to explain and justify Cyrus’ conquest of Babylon to a Babylonian audience. The document appeals heavily to the Babylonian ideals of kingship. Nabonidus is described as an incompetent, godless king, while Cyrus is described as a divinely appointed saviour.

Cyrus Cylinder

The Cyrus Cylinder starts off by claiming that Nabonidus neglected the cult of Marduk, the patron god of Babylon. Nabonidus did indeed prefer the moon god Sîn over the national god Marduk, so there may be some truth to this. Still, it is likely that the neglect of the cult of Marduk was strongly exaggerated. Nabonidus also imposed heavy labour on his people, perhaps in preparation for the Persian invasion. Marduk, feeling pity for the people of Babylon, searches all the lands for a truly righteous king, eventually choosing Cyrus of Anshan. Marduk leads Cyrus to victory against the Medes and helps him capture Babylon without a battle.

Cyrus then introduces himself first as a king of Babylon, a king of Anshan, a descendant of Teispes, and a favourite of Marduk. Cyrus claims that he has not pillaged the city, that he has not frightened anyone, that he had worshipped Marduk daily, and that he had freed the people of Babylon from the heavy labour that Nabonidus had imposed on them. Cyrus also claims to have returned the idols, that Nabonidus had brought to Babylon from temples all across Mesopotamia, back to their temples, along with their temple personnel. Cyrus finishes his speech with a prayer to Marduk and a description of his building activities.

RELIGION OF CYRUS

Although it is often assumed that Cyrus was a Zoroastrian, there are no contemporary sources that describe him as a follower of Zarathustra of even a worshipper of Ahura Mazda. In fact, Zoroastrianism, as we know it today, may not even have existed during his lifetime. The beliefs and practices associated with Zoroastrianism were not standardized until the late Sasanian period. Before that time there was no orthodoxy and the Iranians adhered to a wide array of loosely associated beliefs and practices. Ahura Mazda was just one among many Iranian gods and Zarathustra was just one prophet who happened to favour Ahura Mazda over all the others. Taking this into account, it is likely that Cyrus was a polytheist who grew up worshipping the traditional Iranian gods. Xenophon describes him as swearing an oath to Mithra, the Iranian god of oaths, but he may have turned to other gods for other purposes. It should therefore not surprise us that Cyrus offers sacrifice to the Babylonian gods Marduk and Nabu. This was his way of placating the gods of the lands that he conquered.

DEATH

As with his birth and youth, not much is known about the last nine years of Cyrus’ life. Herodotus claims that Cyrus died fighting the Massagetae, a nomadic people who lived across the Iaxartes. Queen Tomyris of the Massagetae allegedly beheaded Cyrus in order to avenge the death of her son at his hands. Ctesias claims instead that Cyrus died trying to put down a revolt of the Derbices, another nomadic people from Central Asia, while Berossus claims that Cyrus died fighting the Dahae nomads. It is likely that Cyrus did indeed die in Central Asia while trying to expand his influence over the region. From Babylonian letters, it is known that Cyrus died before December 530 BCE. He was buried in his tomb in Pasargadae, along with his cloak, his weapons and his jewels. Upon his death, Cyrus was succeeded by his son Cambyses II.

Tomb of Cyrus

LEGACY

Between the beginning of his revolt against Astyages in 553 BCE and his death in 530 BCE, Cyrus united all the lands between the Aegean Sea and the Iaxartes under his rule. By means of several swift campaigns, he dethroned many powerful kings, either appointing Persian satraps in their stead or claiming the title of ‘king’ for himself. This way he established Persian dominance over the entire Middle East. Upon conquering a kingdom, Cyrus usually allowed the local officials to maintain their position. This way, the administrative infrastructure remained intact. He also accommodated the cultural and religious practice of the lands that he conquered, thus winning the respect of his subjects and securing the loyalty of the traditional elites in the kingdoms he conquered, such as the Median nobility and the Babylonian priesthood.

In order to truly understand the significance of Cyrus’ policy towards subject population, it should be kept in mind that the Achaemenid Empire at that time was little more than a personal collection of kingdoms that Cyrus had conquered. This empire was held together mostly through personal loyalty to the king. Over time, the “imperial structure” of the Achaemenid Empire became more standardized, especially after the reforms of Darius, but it was Cyrus who, through his conquests and his ability to inspire loyalty among his subjects, laid the foundations of the Achaemenid Empire.

نوشته های مشابه

36 دیدگاه در “Cyrus the Great

  1. Denny Catts گفت:

    Hello

    I wanted to order a item from your webshop.
    but I can not find the product anymore on your site,
    it looks like this on this site https://bit.ly/Itemwebshop
    I hope you will sell the product again soon,
    mail me if you are going to sell it again, I’ll wait

    Greetings

    1. dibbbi2s5 گفت:

      Hi Denny catts

      sorry, mahkhatoon site is being repaired
      which product do you want?
      How did you get to know us?
      we are waiting for answer
      good luck

  2. Lloyd Maio گفت:

    Hi

    You really made a very nice website, it is wonderful.
    I had a question about a product that you sell.
    So I tried to order it, but it is sold out. and now I can no longer find the product on your site.
    I really want to order 10 pieces. the product i want to order looks like this on this website
    https://bit.ly/ProductItem622 I hope i can order the product soon from your webshop.

    Have a verry nice day
    Greetings

  3. Tristan Handt گفت:

    Hi

    I regularly order from your shop and i love you products.
    But I have a question, I see a lot of products in this website http://bit.ly/Fasionstore that you also sell
    but there products are 40% cheaper, well my question is what is the difference between your webshop and theirs,
    it’s the quality or something else, I hope you can answer my question.

    Sincerely

  4. Matbreepe گفت:

    Cialis Nebenwirkungen Durchfall Cialis Doux buy viagra Fluoxetine 20mg Mail Order Cialis Online Bestellen Schnell

  5. Walker Primrose گفت:

    Hi

    I hope that everything goes well with you. As I promised you last week,
    I want to give you access to our members fashion area.
    We have discounts of 70% especially for our members.
    This VIP membership is only temporary and ends on 03-31-2019
    You can visit our area here http://bit.ly/MembersItalianFashion

    Sincerely

  6. Waynetup گفت:

    My name is Pete and I want to share a proven system with you that makes me money while I sleep! This system allows you to TRY the whole thing for F R E E for a whole 30 days! That’s right, you can finally change your future without giving up any sensitive information in advance! I signed up myself just a while ago and I’m already making a nice profit.

    In short, this is probably the BEST THING THAT EVER HAPPENED TO YOU IF YOU TAKE ACTION NOW!!!

    If you’re interested in knowing more about this system, go to http://globalviralmarketing.com/?ref=qkgWOPkN5RoC1NWh and try it out. Again, it’s FREE!

    You can thank me later

    /Pete

  7. KathyTaf گفت:

    Hello, I want to work in your company on a voluntary basis, can you offer me anything?
    a little about me:https://about.me/soniaj.robinson

  8. LouisCoesy گفت:

    Grow your bitcoins by 10% per 2 days.
    Profit comes to your btc wallet automatically.

    Try http://bm-syst.xyz
    it takes 2 minutes only and let your btc works for you!

    Guaranteed by the blockchain technology!

  9. JamesDus گفت:

    Hi, mahkhatoon.com

    I’ve been visiting your website a few times and decided to give you some positive feedback because I find it very useful. Well done.

    I was wondering if you as someone with experience of creating a useful website could help me out with my new site by giving some feedback about what I could improve?

    You can find my site by searching for “casino gorilla” in Google (it’s the gorilla themed online casino comparison).

    I would appreciate if you could check it out quickly and tell me what you think.

    casinogorilla.com

    Thank you for help and I wish you a great week!

  10. Matbreepe گفت:

    Generic Cipro Name Cephalexin Adverse Reactions Viargra On Line In Ont. cialis 40 mg Bentyl Dicyclomine Website No Prior Script

  11. DavidTix گفت:

    ۲۵ charging traumatic pistols shooting automatic fire! Modified Makarov pistols with a silencer! Combat Glock 17 original or with a silencer! And many other types of firearms without a license, without documents, without problems!
    Detailed video reviews of our products you can see on our website.

    If the site is unavailable or blocked, email us at – Gunrussia@secmail.pro or Gunrussia@elude.in
    And we will send you the address of the backup site!

  12. Ellfies گفت:

    Dapoxetina Tadalafil Propecia Online Rx [url=http://cialcheap.com]cialis 5 mg[/url] Cialis 20 Prix En Pharmacie Cialis Precio Generico Miglior Prezzo Cialis Generico

  13. Charleslox گفت:

    Die neuesten SICHTSCHUTZ und SCHALLSCHUTZ Ideen für Büro, Terrasse, oder Wohnraum.

    Alle TOP 30 Bilder auf: https://www.presse-news.at

    Julia Bachler

  14. Hi! mahkhatoon.com

    We offer

    Sending your business proposition through the Contact us form which can be found on the sites in the contact section. Contact form are filled in by our application and the captcha is solved. The profit of this method is that messages sent through feedback forms are whitelisted. This method increases the odds that your message will be read. Mailing is done in the same way as you received this message.
    Your commercial proposal will be seen by millions of site administrators and those who have access to the sites!

    The cost of sending 1 million messages is $ 49 instead of $ 99. (you can select any country or country domain)
    All USA – (10 million messages sent) – $399 instead of $699
    All Europe (7 million messages sent)- $ 299 instead of $599
    All sites in the world (25 million messages sent) – $499 instead of $999

    Discounts are valid until May 15.
    Feedback and warranty!
    Delivery report!
    In the process of sending messages we don’t break the rules GDRP.

    This message is automatically generated to use our contacts for communication.

    Contact us.
    Telegram – @FeedbackFormEU
    Skype – FeedbackForm2019
    Email – FeedbackForm@make-success.com
    WhatsApp – +44 7598 509161
    http://bit.ly/2WbvCVh

    Thanks for reading.

  15. RichardHiple گفت:

    FCB&A Amucio Abogados
    ۱۴۵ Calle Collon, 249, 1º ۲۸۵۰۵ Madrid Spain
    Tel: +34-612-557-342 ; Fax: +34 -919-019-443

    Sehr Geehrter ,
    Ich möchte mich zum ersten Mal vorstellen, ist mein Name Rechtsanwalt Sergio Dumas, und ich möchte wissen, Ob Sie den Brief erhalten, den ich Ihnen vorher schickte.
    Ich habe irgendeine wichtige Mitteilung für Sie und ich mag sie mit Ihnen in meiner folgenden E-Mail besprechen, sobald ich Ihre Antwort empfange.
    Treten Sie mit mir bitte in Verbindung, wenn Sie für weitere Erklärungen interessiert sind.
    Mit freundlichen Grüßen,

    Herr Sergio Dumas

  16. Josephdob گفت:

    NA’E COSMETICS PRÄSENTIERT DIE REVOLUTIONÄRE LÖSUNG: THE EYELASH SPOON, FÜR PERFEKT
    GESTYLTE WIMPERN !
    Entdecke die Sensation des eyelash spoon :
    • Einfache Mascara-Anwendung
    • Endlos lange, perfekt geschwungene und dichte Wimpern
    • Maximales Volumen
    • Keine Verfärbung der Augenlider
    • Keine Mascara Klumpen
    • XXL Wimpern mit jeder Mascara
    Das Ergebnis: aussergewöhnlich lange, dicke und perfekt gestylte Wimpern mit maximalem
    Volumen!
    Geben Sie beim Bestellen den Gutscheincode «spoon» ein um 20% Rabatt auf Ihre eyelash spoon
    zu erhalten.
    Profitieren Sie jetzt von unserem Sonderangebot : https://www.na-e.com/

  17. MartyCeaph گفت:

    Veröffentlichen Sie GRATIS Ihrer Jobangebote auf https://kostenlose-jobboerse.at | Top-Kandidaten für Ihr Unternehmen. Top Kundenservice. Einfach GRATIS online inserieren.
    Ramona Schmidt
    https://kostenlose-jobboerse.at

  18. RobertTiZ گفت:

    Let your bitcoins brings you +10% per 2 days.
    Get paid automatically and earn again!

    Try http://dc-btc.site
    one click registration and getting asset

    Powered by Mutual assistance Algorithm and Blockchain.
    Warranty!

  19. Ellfies گفت:

    Effects Of Homeopathic Amoxicillin On Pets Viagra Cialis E Cialis Super Active Generique [url=http://gaprap.com]viagra[/url] Controindicazioni Cialis 5 Mg

  20. Jordanfrurf گفت:

    Hi Look what we possess an eye to you! exquisiteoffering
    Are you in?
    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1fPKtvaC90iPmvhbGVLhbazg0i_E7x9Na/preview

  21. mahkhatoon.com گفت:

    mahkhatoon.com an excitingprovide
    Just click on the connection underneath to ready
    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1Rx4CThMrE1wjzMA4Mdyb0nP5ksiDTjOi/preview

  22. Kevinfoups گفت:

    Dear Sir/Madam,
    We are now working with new quality fabric and new print for SS20 collection program: –
    TEX TRADE has been established since 2004 on keeping the vision of Quality Insure Garments Exporter from Bangladesh. Below points for your kind reference: –

    For more details pls visit us : https://textradebd.com/

    Our Export Product Item :-
    T – SHIRT, SWEATERS, SHIRT, JEANS PANTS, FLEECE Jackets, Padding JACKET, POLO Shirts, SWEAT Shirts, Night Ware, Underwear, Shorts, Pullovers, Pant, Pajamas Set, Trousers, BABY Ware, Baby Body SUITS, Boxer Shorts, Briefs, Tank Tops, LADIES Tops, Also CAPS and JUTE BAG,

    We are looking for your kind cooperation,

    Pls kindly confirm,

    Best regards,

    Shanto.

    ___________________
    TEX TRADE
    House – 12, Road – 9
    ۳rd Floor, Block – J
    Baridhara, Dhaka -1229
    Bangladesh
    Tel:- +88 02 9844001
    Mobile:- +88 01713042078
    Email:- ttbd@textradebd.com
    https://textradebd.com/
    SkypeID: nasershanto

  23. Robertepill گفت:

    Ciao! mahkhatoon.com

    We propose

    Sending your message through the Contact us form which can be found on the sites in the contact partition. Contact form are filled in by our software and the captcha is solved. The advantage of this method is that messages sent through feedback forms are whitelisted. This method increases the chances that your message will be open. Mailing is done in the same way as you received this message.
    Your message will be open by millions of site administrators and those who have access to the sites!

    The cost of sending 1 million messages is $ 49 instead of $ 99. (you can select any country or country domain)
    All USA – (10 million messages sent) – $399 instead of $699
    All Europe (7 million messages sent)- $ 299 instead of $599
    All sites in the world (25 million messages sent) – $499 instead of $999
    There is a possibility of FREE TEST MAILING.

    Discounts are valid until June 10.
    Feedback and warranty!
    Delivery report!
    In the process of sending messages we don’t break the rules GDRP.

    This message is automatically generated to use our contacts for communication.

    Contact us.
    Telegram – @FeedbackFormEU
    Skype – FeedbackForm2019
    Email – FeedbackForm@make-success.com
    WhatsApp – +44 7598 509161

    Hope to hear from you soon.

  24. Behold is a good offers for victory. mahkhatoon.com
    http://bit.ly/2KvMbbu

  25. Davidurbal گفت:

    Hallo,

    Wir bieten Kredite für Privatpersonen und Fachleute an. Wir sind in der Lage, Ihnen kurz-, mittel- und langfristige Darlehen zu gewähren. Sie können sich auch online bewerben.

    Hier sind unsere Bedingungen:
    -Du musst eine verantwortungsbewusste, sachkundige und ehrliche Person sein.
    -Die Rückerstattung erfolgt bis zum letzten Cent.
    -Der Erstattungszeitraum muss strikt eingehalten werden.
    -Die Rückerstattung beginnt 4 Monate nach Erhalt des Geldes.
    – Der Zinssatz beträgt 2%.

    Kontaktieren Sie uns für weitere Informationen.
    Kontakt: cornelia_r_s@hotmail.com

    Mit freundlichen Grüßen
    Frau Cornelia

  26. ContactForm گفت:

    Good day! mahkhatoon.com

    We make available

    Sending your commercial proposal through the Contact us form which can be found on the sites in the Communication partition. Feedback forms are filled in by our application and the captcha is solved. The profit of this method is that messages sent through feedback forms are whitelisted. This technique increases the odds that your message will be open.

    Our database contains more than 25 million sites around the world to which we can send your message.

    The cost of one million messages 49 USD

    FREE TEST mailing of 50,000 messages to any country of your choice.

    This message is automatically generated to use our contacts for communication.

    Contact us.
    Telegram – @FeedbackFormEU
    Skype FeedbackForm2019
    Email – FeedbackForm@make-success.com
    WhatsApp – +44 7598 509161

  27. Look at an amazing cash prize for your team. mahkhatoon.com
    http://bit.ly/2KApCme

  28. JimmieSpoup گفت:

    Dear Sir

    Our client is interested to invest in your region for good Return on Investment.

    if you have ideas, please contact us on +97365009688 or mh@indogbsc.com

    Best regards
    Mr. Mat Hernandez

  29. AllenNucky گفت:

    EVROSIS Technologies’s turnkey solutions: we customize our products and services to meet the exact requirements of our clients. At EVROSIS TECHNOLOGIES, our developers, engineers, and data scientists are experts in Financial Engineering, High Frequency Trading, Trading Platform & financial markets.

    Our competitive strengths: High Speed Networks Development, High Performance Computing, Deep Learning A.I., High Sharpe Ratio Trading models, and talented Quant Traders.

    You can Get custom Trading Solutions for any Exchanges/ECNs in The World or use pre-prepared Solutions and Profit from a state-of-the-Art Model. You will save Time and Money by Working with Us.

    Contact us and we will implement your needs.

    Kind regards

    Kelly Cruz
    Sales

    Website : http://bit.ly/2ZuWJvC
    Skype: support.evrosis
    E-mail : info@evrosis.com
    EVROSIS Technologies Ltd.
    ۱۳۰ Old Street, London, United Kingdom, EC1V 9BD

  30. Look at a good further against your team. mahkhatoon.com
    http://bit.ly/2KzG3iz

  31. ContactForm گفت:

    Ciao! mahkhatoon.com

    We make available

    Sending your commercial offer through the feedback form which can be found on the sites in the Communication section. Contact form are filled in by our software and the captcha is solved. The profit of this method is that messages sent through feedback forms are whitelisted. This technique raise the chances that your message will be read.

    Our database contains more than 25 million sites around the world to which we can send your message.

    The cost of one million messages 49 USD

    FREE TEST mailing of 50,000 messages to any country of your choice.

    This message is automatically generated to use our contacts for communication.

    Contact us.
    Telegram – @FeedbackFormEU
    Skype FeedbackForm2019
    WhatsApp – +44 7598 509161
    Email – FeedbackForm@make-success.com

  32. Hallo,
    Mein Name ist Rechtsanwalt Lawwell. Ich habe Ihnen zuvor eine Nachricht bezuglich einer Transaktion in Hohe von 13,5 Millionen US-Dollar gesendet, die mein verstorbener Kunde vor seinem plotzlichen Tod hinterlassen hat.

    Ich melde mich noch einmal bei Ihnen, da ich nach Durchsicht Ihres Profils fest davon uberzeugt bin, dass Sie die Transaktion sehr gut mit mir abwickeln konnen.

    Wenn Sie interessiert sind, mochte ich darauf hinweisen, dass nach der Transaktion 10% dieses Geldes unter Wohltatigkeitsorganisationen aufgeteilt werden sollen, wahrend die restlichen 90% zwischen uns aufgeteilt werden, also jeweils 45%.

    Diese Transaktion ist zu 100% risikofrei. Bitte antworten Sie mir so schnell wie moglich, um weitere Erlauterungen zur Transaktion zu erhalten. Meine E-Mail info@martinjoselaw.com. Tel:+34 919 017 821
    Hochachtungsvoll,

    Martin Jose Lawwell.
    Rechtsanwalt.

  33. Richardbeill گفت:

    Hey! I just visited mahkhatoon.com and thought I would reach out to you.

    I run an animation studio that makes animated explainer videos helping companies to explain what they do, why it matters and how they’re unique in less than 2 minutes.

    You can take a look at some of our work here:
    http://bit.ly/2ZUJKDM – what do you think?

    I would love to make an awesome animated video for you guys.

    We have a smooth production process and handle everything needed for a high-quality video that typically takes us 6 weeks to produce from start to finish.

    First, we nail the script, design storyboards you can’t wait to see animated. Voice actors in your native language that capture your brand and animation that screams premium with sound design that brings it all together.

    Our videos are made from scratch and designed to make you stand out and get results. No templates, no cookie cutter animation that tarnishes your brand.

    If you’re interested in learning more, please get in touch on the email below:
    Email: storybitevideos@gmail.com

    Thank you for your attention.

دیدگاهتان را بنویسید

نشانی ایمیل شما منتشر نخواهد شد. بخش‌های موردنیاز علامت‌گذاری شده‌اند *